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Article Dans Une Revue Environmental Science and Pollution Research Année : 2021

Characterization of cultivable airborne bacteria and their antimicrobial resistance pattern in French milking parlour

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Résumé

The main goal of this preliminary study was to quantify airborne particles and characterize the dominant cultivable bacterial species as well as some Gram-positive species, and their antibiotic resistance pattern, from environmental samples taken inside and outside of a dairy milking parlour. Sampling was performed over 2 days, in different seasons. The small viable particulate matter < 10 μm (bioaerosols) and cultivable bacteria reached their highest concentrations in the milking parlour. The majority of airborne bacteria in the milking parlour belonged to the genera Staphylococcus (41.9%) and Bacillus (20.9%). A total of 32 different bacterial species of Staphylococcus, Aerococcus, Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Serratia and Acinetobacter were identified. Many of these bacteria may be opportunistic pathogens, causing disease in humans or animals. We found low levels of acquired resistance to the antibiotics commonly used in human or animal infections caused by these opportunistic bacteria. More specifically, resistance to tetracyclines (13.4%), penicillin G (13.4%) and macrolides (7.5%) was identified in Staphylococcus sp. as was a methicillin-resistant S. hominis and resistance to spiramycin (n = 1), lincomycin (n = 1) and streptomycin (n = 2) in Aerococcus sp. An assessment of the occupational risk run by dairy farmers for contracting infections after long- or short-term exposure to micro-organisms requires further studies on the concentration of opportunistic pathogenic bacteria in dairy farm environments.
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Dates et versions

hal-03128696 , version 1 (02-02-2021)

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Sandrine Bayle, Antoine Drapeau, Janick Rocher, Frédéric Laurent, Véronique Métayer, et al.. Characterization of cultivable airborne bacteria and their antimicrobial resistance pattern in French milking parlour. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2021, 28 (9), pp.11689-11696. ⟨10.1007/s11356-020-11974-8⟩. ⟨hal-03128696⟩
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