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Flame Retardancy of Wood Fiber Materials Using Phosphorus-Modified Wheat Starch

Abstract : Biopolymer-based flame retardants (FR) are a promising approach to ensure adequate protection against fire while minimizing health and environmental risks. Only a few, however, are suitable for industrial purposes because of their poor flame retardancy, complex synthesis pathway, expensive cleaning procedures, and inappropriate application properties. In the present work, wheat starch was modified using a common phosphate/urea reaction system and tested as flame retardant additive for wood fibers. The results indicate that starch derivatives from phosphate/urea systems can reach fire protection efficiencies similar to those of commercial flame retardants currently used in the wood fiber industry. The functionalization leads to the incorporation of fire protective phosphates (up to 38 wt.%) and nitrogen groups (up to 8.3 wt.%). The lowest levels of burning in fire tests were measured with soluble additives at a phosphate content of 3.5 wt.%. Smoldering effects could be significantly reduced compared to unmodified wood fibers. The industrial processing of a starch-based flame retardant on wood insulating materials exhibits the fundamental applicability of flame retardants. These results demonstrate that starch modified from phosphate/urea-systems is a serious alternative to traditional flame retardants.
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Stefan Gebke, Katrin Thümmler, Rodolphe Sonnier, Sören Tech, André Wagenführ, et al.. Flame Retardancy of Wood Fiber Materials Using Phosphorus-Modified Wheat Starch. Molecules, MDPI, 2020, Innovative Flame Retardants, 25 (2), pp.335. ⟨10.3390/molecules25020335⟩. ⟨hal-02438815⟩

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