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CONTINUOUS-STATE BRANCHING PROCESSES WITH COLLISIONS: FIRST PASSAGE TIMES AND DUALITY

Abstract : We introduce a class of one-dimensional positive Markov processes generalizing continuous-state branching processes (CBs), by taking into account a phenomenon of random collisions. Besides branching, characterized by a general mechanism Ψ, at a constant rate in time two particles are sampled uniformly in the population, collide and leave a mass of particles governed by a (sub)critical mechanism Σ. Such CB processes with collisions (CBCs) are shown to be the only Feller processes without negative jumps satisfying a Laplace duality relationship with one-dimensional diffusions on the half-line. This generalizes the duality observed for logistic CBs in Foucart [18]. Via time-change, CBCs are also related to an auxiliary class of Markov processes, called CB processes with spectrally positive migration (CBMs), recently introduced in Vidmar [52]. We find necessary and sufficient conditions for the boundaries 0 or ∞ to be attracting and for a limiting distribution to exist. The Laplace transform of the latter is provided. Under the assumption that the CBC process does not explode, the Laplace transforms of the first passage times below arbitrary levels are represented with the help of the solution of a second-order differential equation, whose coefficients are given in terms of the Lévy-Khintchine functions Σ and Ψ. Sufficient conditions for non-explosion are given.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03719207
Contributor : Clément Foucart Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, July 11, 2022 - 8:48:30 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 13, 2022 - 3:52:08 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03719207, version 1

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Clément Foucart, Matija Vidmar. CONTINUOUS-STATE BRANCHING PROCESSES WITH COLLISIONS: FIRST PASSAGE TIMES AND DUALITY. 2022. ⟨hal-03719207⟩

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