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Environmental, economic and experimental assessment of the valorization of dredged sediment through sand substitution in concrete

Tara Soleimani 1, 2 Mahmoud Hayek 3 Guillaume Junqua 1, 2 Marie Salgues 3 Jean-Claude Souche 3 
1 ERT - IMT Mines Alès - ERT
IMT - MINES ALES - IMT - MINES ALES, HSM - Hydrosciences Montpellier
3 DMS - Durabilité des éco-Matériaux et Structures
IMT - MINES ALES - IMT - MINES ALES, LMGC - Laboratoire de Mécanique et Génie Civil
Abstract : The integrated life cycle assessment (LCA), life cycle cost assessment (LCC) and laboratory-based experimental assessment were applied to provide insight for early stage decision-making on the valorization of the dredged sediments. The objective was to find a viable and sustainable solution for the valorization of the dredged sediment in concrete, holding up a certain level of standard concrete performance without compromising in terms of economy and environment. For the sensitivity analysis, parametric life cycle inventories were developed to assess the sensitivity of environmental and economic costs to the rate of sand substitution by sediment, as well as the variations in the concrete components. The workability of fresh concrete and the compressive strength of hardened concrete at 28 days were assigned as the quality indicators to evaluate the influence of sand substitution by sediment on the concrete performance. The compressive strength evaluation in the laboratory demonstrated that a maximum rate of sand substitution in concrete up to 40 % by predominantly sandy sediment could sustain the concrete strength class. However, LCA and LCC negated the rate of sand substitution by sediment higher than 20 %. The integrated environmental, economic, and experimental assessments demonstrated that the substitution of sand by predominantly fine sediment downgrades the strength class of concrete, even in the low rate of incorporation (10 %) and increases the environmental and economic costs. Inferred from the results, the maximum rate of sustainable sand substitution by sediment in concrete could be optimized through a compromise between the expected mechanical strength and workability of the concrete, the economic and environmental impacts of the superplasticiser and the sediment transport. Overall, integrating environmental and economic cost assessments into the laboratory-based assessment of the valorization scenarios would determine the threshold for the sustainable rate of incorporation of sediment in valorization scenarios.
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https://hal.mines-ales.fr/hal-03844804
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Soumis le : dimanche 20 novembre 2022 - 13:54:02
Dernière modification le : mardi 22 novembre 2022 - 10:31:21

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Tara Soleimani, Mahmoud Hayek, Guillaume Junqua, Marie Salgues, Jean-Claude Souche. Environmental, economic and experimental assessment of the valorization of dredged sediment through sand substitution in concrete. Science of the Total Environment, 2022, 858 (Part 2), pp.159980. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.159980⟩. ⟨hal-03844804⟩

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