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Swelling and softening behaviour of natural fibre bundles under hygro- and hydrothermal conditions

Nicolas Le Le Moigne 1 Stéphane Corn 2 
2 DMS - Durabilité des éco-Matériaux et Structures
LMGC - Laboratoire de Mécanique et Génie Civil, IMT - MINES ALES - IMT - MINES ALES
Abstract : Measuring and understanding the swelling and softening behaviour of plant fibres under controlled humidity as a function of their water content is essential for their use in composite applications. Indeed, this directly influences the processing and the in-service behaviour of biocomposites. The objective of this work is to characterize, under controlled hygro- and hydrothermal conditions (from 20% to 73% RH and in immersion), the moisture content, dimensional variations and mechanical behaviour of natural fibre bundles from various botanical origins with contrasting biochemical and structural characteristics. Automated laser scanning cross-sectional measurements [1] and micro-tensile tests in either a climate chamber or an immersion cell were used to measure the dimensional variations and tensile properties of fibre bundles as a function of their moisture content as measured by DVS and WRV. These analyses allowed the determination of the surface hygro- and hydroexpansion coefficients of the different natural fibre bundles in relation to the structural characteristics of the cell walls [2]. The softening effect of water on cell walls and the resulting loss of stiffness and strength of fibre bundles are also discussed in relation to water sorption and swelling [3]. These results provide key data for predictive modelling of the “in-service” mechanical behaviour of biocomposites.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 20, 2022 - 10:37:55 AM
Last modification on : Monday, June 27, 2022 - 11:22:34 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-03699259, version 1


Nicolas Le Le Moigne, Stéphane Corn. Swelling and softening behaviour of natural fibre bundles under hygro- and hydrothermal conditions. 10th International Conference on Applied Hair Science, Jun 2022, Online, France. ⟨hal-03699259⟩



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