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Novel Foaming-Agent Free Insulating Geopolymer Based on Industrial Fly Ash and Rice Husk

Abstract : This study highlights the synthesis of a new thermal insulating geopolymer based on the alkaline activation of fly ashes. A porous geopolymer material can be prepared without the addition of a foaming agent, using high ratio solution/ashes (activating solutions used are water, sodium or potassium hydroxide). In order to increase the porosity of the material and to make it more ecological, rice husks are incorporated into the formulation. The geopolymer materials were prepared at room temperature and dried at moderate temperature (105 °C) by a simple procedure. The microstructural characteristics of these new porous geopolymers were assessed by optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF). Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to confirm the geopolymerisation. The effect of the ratio solution/ashes and the percentage of the rice husk addition on thermal and mechanical analysis was evaluated. An insulating material for a solution/ashes ratio of 0.9 and a rice husk content of 15% having a λ value of 0.087 W/(m·K), a porosity of 61.4% and an Rc value of 0.1 MPa was successfully prepared.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 20, 2022 - 9:13:04 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 18, 2022 - 5:18:52 PM
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Samar Beaino, Peter El Hage, Rodolphe Sonnier, Sylvain Seif, Roland El Hage. Novel Foaming-Agent Free Insulating Geopolymer Based on Industrial Fly Ash and Rice Husk. Molecules, MDPI, 2022, 27 (2), pp.531. ⟨10.3390/molecules27020531⟩. ⟨hal-03536583⟩



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