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Dispersion of odorous gases in the atmosphere — Part I: Modeling approaches to the phenomenon

Abstract : The study of odor dispersion, particularly its modeling, is an important decision tool for estimating the impact of human activities on the environment and its populations. In this sense, software to model the dispersion of odorous gases was developed and is presented. It is based on the theory established by Högström on the odor dispersion of puff emissions. This theory is applied to Gaussian models and takes the frequency of values for odor intensity over any time period into account. Such a model is able to consider the instantaneous characteristics of odor perception by human beings. Nine approaches that explore several solutions within the Gaussian domain for the atmospheric dispersion problem are proposed in software named ODODIS (ODOr DISpersion Software). This software was developed to test the different solutions. Four of these solutions are based on the punctual (or point source) emission or classic equation; two are based on the instantaneous punctual emission equation; and the other three, on the prolonged punctual emission equation (puff models). Measuring units used for the input data may be g s− 1 or OU (Odor Units). The software developed here satisfies the need to obtain instantaneous data of either a passive or an odorous gas at a specific point of an area. The simulation time varies depending on the purpose of the analysis. Mean concentration values may be obtained by integrating the instantaneous results generated by the model.
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Henrique de Melo Lisboa, Jean-Michel Guillot, Jean-Louis Fanlo, Pierre Le Cloirec. Dispersion of odorous gases in the atmosphere — Part I: Modeling approaches to the phenomenon. Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2006, 361 (1-3), pp.220-228. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2005.05.010⟩. ⟨hal-03482829⟩



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