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Poster communications

Towards Sustainable Wood Fillers from Agroforestry for Wood-Plastic Composites : Effect of Filler Size and Wood Species

Abstract : Current environmental concerns push towards more sustainable and local practices for biomass production. In this regard, agroforestry has been highlighted by researchers and policies as a highly efficient approach for carbon sequestration (between 1.5 and 4 t C/ha/year), and a sustainable alternative to deforestation with many agricultural benefits: deeper rooting of trees in soil, enhanced biomass productivity, crop fertilization... Agroforestry implies regular branch cuts that are processed into wood chips and mostly used as energy wood or soil mulching. New higher added-value chains could be considered such as reinforcements or specific molecules for bio-based materials and chemistry. Besides, since 90’s, Wood-Plastic Composites (WPCs) have experienced significant growth, particularly in building (decking & siding), and constitute the largest share of bio-based composites developed at an industrial scale. Nevertheless, the quality of WPCs and variability in their performance are major technological issues for their implementation in industrial applications. This could be related to the difficulty in tracing the various origin of wood fillers as well as the different processing steps, from wood drying and defibration process to composite manufacturing, that are not well controlled. Indeed, numerous interdependent parameters govern the final properties of WPCs, such as biochemical composition, presence of metallic and chemical contaminants (binders, wood treatment residues, varnishes, etc.), (micro)structure, thermal stability, mechanical properties of wood fillers, and the control of their milling/granulometry and further processing into composite materials. In this context, the development of quality-controlled agroforestry wood fillers in terms of granulometry (size and shape factor), chemical composition and physical (microstructure, mechanical) properties is therefore strategic for their implementation in wood-based products. This work investigates and evidences the influence of wood species (poplar, oak, walnut, chestnut)) and filler size and shape on the microstructure and mechanical properties of polypropylene (PP) / wood composites manufactured by extrusion/injection moulded. Moreover, wood from three recovery platforms in Brittany (mix of several species) was also investigated to evaluate the potential of existing agroforestry feedstocks.
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Poster communications
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https://hal.mines-ales.fr/hal-03437034
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Submitted on : Friday, November 19, 2021 - 4:18:09 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, November 21, 2021 - 3:04:23 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03437034, version 1

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Estelle Doineau, Julien Rabatel, Benjamin Gallard, P. Rivard, A. Duborper, et al.. Towards Sustainable Wood Fillers from Agroforestry for Wood-Plastic Composites : Effect of Filler Size and Wood Species. EPNOE 2021 - The 7th International Polysaccharide Conference, Oct 2021, Nantes, France. ⟨hal-03437034⟩

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