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CpGV-M Replication in Type I Resistant Insects: Helper Virus and Order of Ingestion Are Important

Abstract : The genetic diversity of baculoviruses provides a sustainable agronomic solution when resistance to biopesticides seems to be on the rise. This genetic diversity promotes insect infection by several genotypes (i.e., multiple infections) that are more likely to kill the host. However, the mechanism and regulation of these virus interactions are still poorly understood. In this article, we focused on baculoviruses infecting the codling moth, Cydia pomonella: two Cydia pomonella granulovirus genotypes, CpGV-M and CpGV-R5, and Cryptophlebia peltastica nucleopolyhedrovirus (CrpeNPV). The influence of the order of ingestion of the virus genotypes, the existence of an ingestion delay between the genotypes and the specificity of each genotype involved in the success of multiple infection were studied in the case of Cydia pomonella resistance. To obtain a multiple infection in resistant insects, the order of ingestion is a key factor, but the delay for ingestion of the second virus is not. CrpeNPV cannot substitute CpGV-R5 to allow replication of CpGV-M.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 27, 2021 - 9:47:02 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 17, 2022 - 1:40:03 PM
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Aurélie Hinsberger, Christine Blachère-Lopez, Caroline Knox, Sean Moore, Tamryn Marsberg, et al.. CpGV-M Replication in Type I Resistant Insects: Helper Virus and Order of Ingestion Are Important. Viruses, MDPI, 2021, Special Issue Insect Viruses and Pest Management 2.0, 13 (9), pp.1695. ⟨10.3390/v13091695⟩. ⟨hal-03327313⟩



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