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Functionalization of magnetic chitosan microparticles for high-performance removal of chromate from aqueous solutions and tannery effluent

Abstract : Textile and tannery industries are highly contaminating with discharge of high Cr concentrations. Developing bio-based sorbents with strong affinity for chromate, fast kinetics, and high recyclability is strategic for better reuse of industrial wastewater. Magnetic chitosan micro-particles (MC, for enhancing mass transfer) may constitute a solution for chromate removal from acidic solutions. The functionalization of this support with aminothiazole groups (ATA@MC) or imidazole carboxamide (AIC@MC) significantly improves chromate removal, with sorption capacities close to 6 mmol Cr g-1, at pH 2. The Langmuir and the Sips equations finely fit sorption isotherms, while the pseudo-first order rate equation fits well uptake kinetics (equilibrium within 60 min). Sorption and desorption properties are remarkably stable: sorption efficiency decreases by less than 6% at the fifth cycle (while the desorption efficiency maintains above 99%). The sorbents are highly selective for chromate removal from acidic tannery wastewater (against base metals). FTIR and XPS analyses are used for characterizing the materials and for identifying the binding mechanisms (including chromate reduction into Cr(III)). The sorbents are both showing promising performances for Cr(VI) removal in acidic solutions, including in very complex solutions such as tannery wastewater. AIC@MC is more selective for Cr(VI) removal, while ATA@MC has a broader reactivity for a wider range of metal ions. The antimicrobial properties of the functionalized sorbents are characterized by the determination of the zone of inhibition (ZOI) against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans: the inhibition is slightly improved compared with magnetite chitosan microparticles. More generally, the Gram- bacteria are slightly more sensitive to the functionalized sorbents than Gram+ bacteria and Candida fungus.
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https://hal.mines-ales.fr/hal-03321711
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Submitted on : Friday, September 10, 2021 - 3:31:14 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 10, 2021 - 3:38:23 PM

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Mohammed Hamza, Doaa Hamad, Nora Hamad, Adel A-H. Abdel-Rahman, Amr Fouda, et al.. Functionalization of magnetic chitosan microparticles for high-performance removal of chromate from aqueous solutions and tannery effluent. Chemical Engineering Journal, Elsevier, 2022, 428, pp.131775. ⟨10.1016/j.cej.2021.131775⟩. ⟨hal-03321711⟩

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