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Flame-retardant action of red phosphorus/magnesium oxide and red phosphorus/iron oxide compositions in recycled PET

Abstract : Red phosphorus was combined with metallic oxides Fe2O3 and MgO to improve the fire properties of recycled PET. Both Fe2O3 and MgO act as co-synergist agents at a total loading of 5 wt%. The analysis by diffraction X of the char formed during combustion shows that transformation of Fe2O3 to Fe3O4 occurs. Fe2O3 favours the oxidation and improves the effectiveness of red phosphorus. It is suggested that MgO interacts with acidic end groups of PET and forms a thermal stable residue. The thermal decomposition of recycled PET containing red phosphorus combined with Fe and Mg oxides was studied by thermal analysis and leads to an increase in char formation. While the incorporation of Fe2O3 in this ternary blend maintains the mechanical properties of PET, the reactivity of MgO leads to a brittle material. The use of reinforcements (talc and glass fibres) to mechanically stabilize the char formed during combustion of ternary blend with Fe2O3 entails a further decrease in heat release rate, nevertheless impact resistance of the material decreases dramatically.
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https://hal.mines-ales.fr/hal-03272102
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Submitted on : Monday, June 28, 2021 - 10:26:49 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 20, 2021 - 1:23:05 AM

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F. Laoutid, Laurent Ferry, J. Lopez-Cuesta, A. Crespy. Flame-retardant action of red phosphorus/magnesium oxide and red phosphorus/iron oxide compositions in recycled PET. Fire and Materials, Wiley-Blackwell, 2006, 30 (5), pp.343-358. ⟨10.1002/fam.914⟩. ⟨hal-03272102⟩

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