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Processability of Cottonseed Proteins into Biodegradable Materials

Abstract : The manufacture of biodegradable materials from agricultural sources is a real challenge, because of environmental concerns and the need to make full use of resources. Cottonseed is an important protein source that could be used in nonfood applications, as a substitute for synthetic polymers. For the first time, the viscoelastic behavior of cottonseed protein isolate (CPI), plasticized with glycerol, was characterized in order to determine the temperature range within which cottonseed protein-based materials can be formed by extrusion or thermomolding. Research involved three main techniques:  dynamic mechanical analysis to study the α protein relaxation associated with glass transition, as a function of plasticization by glycerol; DSC analysis to determine the effect of glycerol content on the protein denaturation and degradation temperatures; and ATG−TG/FTIR to characterize the protein degradation. The results indicated that cottonseed proteins are thermoplastics with a Tg ranging from 80 to 200 °C when the glycerol content varies from 0% to 40% (w/w, dry basis). The proteins' thermal denaturation temperature increased from 141 (without glycerol) to 195 °C in the presence of 40% (w/w) glycerol. Protein degradation occurred at 230 °C irrespective of glycerol content, with the release of a variety of compounds. Glycerol acts as a plasticizer and thermal stabilizer of the proteins and increases the range of temperatures (80−175 °C) at which the material can be processed.
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Joël Grevellec, Catherine Marquié, Laurent Ferry, Alain Crespy, Viviane Vialettes. Processability of Cottonseed Proteins into Biodegradable Materials. Biomacromolecules, American Chemical Society, 2001, 2 (4), pp.1104-1109. ⟨10.1021/bm015525d⟩. ⟨hal-03272064⟩

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