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Hierarchical thermoplastic biocomposites reinforced with flax fibres modified by xyloglucan and cellulose nanocrystals

Abstract : This work is focused on the modification of the interphase zone in short flax fibres / polypropylene (PP) composites by a bio-inspired modification of fibres called “nanostructuration” that uses the adsorption of biomass by-products, i.e. cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) and xyloglucan (XG), to create hierarchical flax fibres. The wettability and interfacial adhesion study reveals a strong decrease in the polar character of CNC modified flax fibres, hence increasing the work of adhesion with PP. Moreover, combining XG/CNC modified interphases with MAPP coupling agent enhances the ultimate mechanical properties of biocomposites with higher tensile strength and work of rupture, and modifies failure mechanisms as revealed by in situ micro-mechanical tensile SEM experiments. Bio-based hierarchical composites inspired by naturally occurring nanostructures open a new path for the development of sustainable composites with enhanced structural properties.
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https://hal.mines-ales.fr/hal-03080239
Contributor : Administrateur Imt - Mines Alès <>
Submitted on : Friday, January 8, 2021 - 11:23:27 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 8, 2021 - 11:17:48 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, April 9, 2021 - 6:43:38 PM

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Estelle Doineau, Guillaume Coqueugniot, Monica Pucci, A. S. Caro-Bretelle, Bernard Cathala, et al.. Hierarchical thermoplastic biocomposites reinforced with flax fibres modified by xyloglucan and cellulose nanocrystals. Carbohydrate Polymers, Elsevier, 2021, 254, pp.117403. ⟨10.1016/j.carbpol.2020.117403⟩. ⟨hal-03080239⟩

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