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A novel method for the measurement of elastic moduli of fibres

Abstract : The elastic modulus of fibres used in composite materials is a parameter of prime importance in the determination of overall mechanical behaviour. However, evaluation of Young’s modulus, E, of a fibre is a delicate operation given the small dimensions (diameter typically a few tens of microns), and therefore low forces involved in tensile testing. This article treats a novel method of modulus assessment involving the bending of fibres, clamped at one extremity, by forced vibrations. The fibre behaves as a beam, and when the forced oscillations approach (one of) the resonant frequency(ies) of the fibre, the bending amplitude increases. Classical beam theory allows evaluation of Young’s modulus from knowledge of resonant frequency, and fibre dimensions and density. Preliminary application of the technique using fibres of E-glass, having well known elastic characteristics, has given good results and shown its inherent potential. Subsequently, the technique developed was used on recycled fibres in order to obtain their Young’s modulus and to assess their loss of mechanical properties when compared to virgin fibres.
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Didier Perrin, Martin Alteirac, Stéphane Corn, Martin E.R. Shanahan. A novel method for the measurement of elastic moduli of fibres. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, Elsevier, 2007, 38 (1), pp.71-79. ⟨10.1016/j.compositesa.2006.01.013⟩. ⟨hal-02536535⟩

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