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Radiografting of phosphorus Flame Retardants on Flax Fabrics : Competition between Homopolymerization and Grafting

Abstract : Many natural fibers have been used for a long time in textile industry as cotton and flax. Moreover, natural fibers are getting more importance in composites industry as a substitute for glass, carbon, or a ramid fibers. However, they must be modified to overcome some disadvantages such as flammability. In previous studies, phosphorus flame retardants (FR) were grafted on flax fabrics by e-beam radiation. In the present study, the reactivity of the double bond C=C of the P-monomers under e-beam radiation was investigated to control the grafting yield of various FR. Two phenomena are competitive during radiation step. The P-monomers can be grafted directly on the flax components or can homopolymerize inside the fibers. Phosphorus content reached 1.4 wt% using vinyl phosphonic acid. Grafting efficiency was assessed by X-ray fluorescence, Energy Dispersive X-Ray Analysis (EDX) / Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance analysis. Fire behavior of the modified fabrics was studied using thermogravimetric analysis, pyrolysis combustion flow calorimetry and a preliminary fire test. Self-extinguishing and non-flammable fabrics were obtained for phosphorus content of 0.5 wt% and 1.2 wt% respectively.
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Conference papers
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https://hal.mines-ales.fr/hal-02463061
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Submitted on : Friday, January 31, 2020 - 4:34:25 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 26, 2020 - 10:32:01 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02463061, version 1

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R. Hajj, R. El Hage, Rodolphe Sonnier, Belkacem Otazaghine, Benjamin Gallard, et al.. Radiografting of phosphorus Flame Retardants on Flax Fabrics : Competition between Homopolymerization and Grafting. AUTEX2019 – 19 th World Textile Conference on Textiles at the Crossroads, Jun 2019, Ghen, Belgium. ⟨hal-02463061⟩

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