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Maladie de Parkinson et DMLA : y a-t-il un lien ?

Abstract : Neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) remains a major cause of visual impairment, despite the continuous repeated intravitreal administration of anti-VEGF therapies that puts a considerable burden on patients, ophthalmologists and health care systems. A retrospective cohort of several million of patients in US found that L-DOPA treated parkinsons disease (PD) patients have a significantly delayed age of onset for nAMD. Using MPTP-induced PD- and laser-induced nAMD- mouse models in combination with the standard PD treatment of L-DOPA / DOPA-decarboxylase inhibitor, we here demonstrate that an L-DOPA treatment-induced increase of dopamine receptor 2 (DR2) signaling, and not the PD itself, is likely responsible for the inhibition of choroidal neovascularization. While explaining an intriguing epidemiological observation, our findings show that systemic DR2 agonists might constitute a much sought after therapy to reduce the need for anti-VEGF therapy in nAMD patients.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03534234
Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 19, 2022 - 12:13:20 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 20, 2022 - 3:39:43 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 20, 2022 - 6:32:34 PM

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TH2020MATHISTHIBAUD.pdf
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  • HAL Id : tel-03534234, version 1

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Thibaud Mathis. Maladie de Parkinson et DMLA : y a-t-il un lien ?. Biologie moléculaire. Université de Lyon, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LYSE1329⟩. ⟨tel-03534234⟩

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