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Theses

Héritages hybrides : l’agence Dubois-Marcon à l’épreuve de la modernité mexicaine (Mexico, 1921-1950)

Abstract : In 1904, two architecture students at the l'École nationale et spéciale des Beaux-Arts of Paris, Paul Adolphe Dubois (1874-1953) and Fernand Marius Henri Marcon (1877-1962), joined the office of the Federal legislative Palace in Mexico City, to work on the great project that President Porfirio Díaz Mori entrusted to Émile Bénard (1844-1929). Simultaneously, the two architects started an independent collaboration (1907-1930) which led to the realization of many buildings and monuments in Mexico City during the First World War (1914-1918) and the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920). Some of their buildings remain today and are recognized as urban references. As well, Paul Dubois – the head of the agency – was named professor at the Academia de Bellas Artes de San Carlos (1913-1914 / 1919-1929), where he taught the architects who were responsible for national reconstruction.The analysis of these two architects trajectories, their built work in Mexico City and their relationship with post-revolutionary architects, in a context of distrust towards France, allow us to rethink with new acuity the quarrel over the frenchness in the networks of Mexican architectural and artistic modernity during the first twentieth century. Likewise, an intertextual reading of the Dubois-Marcon agency's production and the production of post-revolutionary Mexican architects opens the opportunity to better understand certain architectural hybridizations that took place in the post-revolutionary period, as well as their place in the heritage process.The period of our study was a privileged moment of architectural experimentation. Some of the constructions that survive to this day are interesting examples of how to combine the traditional and the universal approach in design; how to make an architecture representative of the current times, in harmony with the present, while maintaining a cultural anchor. Finally, with this research, we propose to make our contribution to the field of architectural and urban heritage of the early twentieth century in Mexico City, by highlighting certain effects of the circulation of ideas and architects between France and Mexico.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03534231
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 19, 2022 - 12:12:23 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 20, 2022 - 12:23:16 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 20, 2022 - 6:32:25 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03534231, version 1

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Ana Porraz Castillo. Héritages hybrides : l’agence Dubois-Marcon à l’épreuve de la modernité mexicaine (Mexico, 1921-1950). Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Paris-Saclay, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021UPASK012⟩. ⟨tel-03534231⟩

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